The National Adaptation Plans elaborated by the learning countries (Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary and Slovenia) intend to support the adaptation process in these countries based on the observation of good practices in the field of inclusive education in sharing countries (Ireland and Portugal). The papers cover the formulation of the adaptation plans and include a summary of learning needs and the good practice examples best fitting the national learning needs. The National Adaptation Plans identify conditions needed for collaborative approaches among stakeholders that help reduce social exclusion and compensate educational disadvantages of students, mainly at local and school levels.